Joanna Koerten (1650–1715) was a Dutch artist who was known for creating intricate paper cutting silhouettes against a dark background. She was married to Adrian Block. Themes included scenes from nature – both land and sea, portraits and religion. Besides paper cutting, she was also a painter, made wax models, was proficient in engraving glass and crystal with a diamond, embroidery, and a draughtswoman. Her clients included many prominent personalities from that time such as The Empress of Germany, Peter the Great from Russia and William III from England. Her works were displayed in her husband’s shop from where she worked. Today about fifteen pieces of her work survive and are on display in museums in the cities of Leiden, The Hague, Loosdrecht, and Hoorn.
People who live in the Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, and Alaska are called Inuit. Artwork produced by Inuit people is known as Inuit Art. The raw materials used are locally sourced from land or sea and include animal bones, ivory, tusks, and stone for sculptures which is the most known type of Inuit Art.
Subjects vary from various hunting scenes to shamanic stories to animal forms to mythology. They were created for decorations and religious purposes but were later used as barter for goods for trade – mainly tea, weapons, and alcohol. Inuit Art dates back to over 4000 years. The Inuit continue to make sculptures today using traditional and modern tools and are experimenting with new themes and materials to keep the tradition alive.